Global Warming: Cause And Mitigation
It’s been decades since scientists have been trying to figure out the main reasons of global warming. They have studied natural cycles in great detail and the events that are common to affect climate. However, the amount of global warming taking place cannot be explained by these factors only. The only way of explaining the reason of increased global warming is the effect of greenhouse gasses emitted by humans.
Scientists discovered that there are several greenhouse gasses which are responsible for global warming. Humans emit these gasses in several ways that includes smoke from factories, fossil fuels used for emitting heat, to run cars and produce electricity.
Carbon dioxide is most responsible for global warming; other contributors include methane emitted from agricultural waste and landfills, gases used for industrial processes and refrigeration, cutting down of forests and nitrous oxide from fertilizers.
Effects of Global Warming
- Increased melting of ice especially at the polar ends of earth
- Extinction of animal species, for example, penguins
- Sea level rising at alarming rates
- Precipitation that includes snowfall and rain fall has increased all over the world
- Floods and droughts have increased
- There will be stronger hurricanes and other storms like sand storms, thunder storms, ice storms etc.
- Less fresh water will be available
- More and more diseases will become epidemics
Climate mitigation is a process in which any action is taken in order to reduce long term effects and risks and dangers of the changing climate on human life and environment. According to the international panel on climatic change, mitigation is a process of an anthropogenic involvement in order to regulate and limit the sources of greenhouse gasses.
Climate change includes intricate dealings among climate, economy, environment, society, technological processes and political institutions. It cannot be understood in segregation of wider societal goals, for example, equal or maintainable development or other prevailing or credible future causes of stress.
According to research, three situations are made obvious when working towards the objectives and goals of greenhouse gas maintenance in the atmosphere:
- Should have a certain time-frame that is adequate to permit ecosystems to adjust naturally to changing climate.
- Production of food is not threatened.
- Economic development should continue in a maintainable routine.
To eradicate or decrease the danger of climate change to human life and property, both technology and policy should be utilized in the context of sustainable development.
Above mentioned are some of the causes and effects of global warming and also some mitigation strategies that can be used to reduce greenhouse gasses.